Early Store Owners

EARLY STORE OWNERS

[Julia Munro. Last updated: 01/24/2018]

As the Hotelkeepers section shows, much of the early life of Jefferson's university is revealed to us through an understanding of the Academical Village. For students in particular, their life on campus involved not just classes, but living alongside their Professors in the buildings on the Range; these "Hotels" provided students with boarding, which included all meals, as well as laundry, firewood, and cleaning delivered room to room by the African-American servants of the Hotel.

Perhaps equally important to understanding the Early Life of the students, however, is a consideration of Charlottesville and the environs directly beyond the borders of the University. Students were not confined to the Academical Village, although rules were certainly in place to ensure their proper conduct as befits gentlemen scholars of the University. In fact, it is due to these rules - and the students' frequent transgressions - that we are given a detailed sense of time, place, and the developing character of the University. Frequent references, then, are made in the University records (Board of Visitor Minutes, Faculty Minutes, the Chairman of the Faculty's Journals, and so on) to the places at which students were (often) found breaking these rules - namely, the taverns, bookstores, and other shops wihout the precincts. Consider for instance the February 28, 1838 entry of the Chairman of the Faculty Gessner Harrison (P25515): "Gave Messrs Constable (P25525) and Battey (P27407) leave to pay a visit in the Country until tomorrow morning, at Mr. Bocock's (PL8596-- They promise to violate none of the laws; especialy those prohibiting drinking vinous & spiritous liqours" (Chairman's Journal, Session 14).

What follows is a list of common stores and storeowners that were often named in discussions of student conduct and misconduct. 

Note Regarding Lists: The list below provides the Key, or unique identifier, for each person and place; use the key to search for references to that person/place in the primary records of the JUEL database (click on the keys below, or go directly to the Search page). The store name is provided, with any common variations in spelling or alternative names, as well as the owner and owners and the period in which they were active. Where possible, the location of the store is provided as well. 

 

STORES AND STOREOWNERS. FROM Faculty Minutes, Session 11, 1834-5
A. Benson (P43946) Merchant; also provided lodging
Jos. Bishop (P44155Merchant
Cochran's Store (PL8521) - John Cochran (P47264) Merchant
Mr. Cooper, Tailor (CB0072), c. 1838
Wm. L. Dunkum (P44144Merchant
R. Edwards, Jr. & Co. (CB0060), Merchant
Benjamin Ficklin (P44152Merchant
Field and Goss (CB0063Apothecary and tavern
John P. Halbeck (P44153Tailor
Horney & Goss (CB0062) Merchant
David Isaacs (P44154Merchant
Thos. Grady & Co. (CB0066Merchant
Jno. R. Jones & Son (CB0064Merchant
Bragg Kelly (P44145Merchant
Andrew Leitch (P44148Merchant
Sam Leitch Sr. (P44149Merchant
Isaac Marshall (P44142Shoemaker with shoe store in Charlottesville.
Andrew McKee (P47876Hatter
McKennie's Store (PL8519) - Clement P. McKennie (P44094)
J. M. Merill & Co. (CB0067) Merchant
Henry Price (P44141Merchant and tailor
Isaac Raphail (P44143Merchant
Sampson and Gooch (CB0065Merchant
T. W. Savage (P44146Tailor
Geo. Toole (P44147Tailor
Jones B. Walker (P44151Tailor
James K. Watson (P44020) Merchant
Watts's Bookbinding Shop (PL8520) - Ebenezer Watts (P47563). Also sold perfume, soap, boots, tobacco
Twyman Wayt (P44150Merchant
Street and Sanxey Book Firm (PL8520) - William Wertenbaker (P43631), bookseller and stationer
STORES AND STOREOWNERS. VARIOUS YEARS.
Blaky's Tavern (CB0946) - c. 1835
Bledsoe's Tavern (PL9372) - site of 12th regiment mustering c. 1844 NEW
Bocock's / Bowcock's Tavern (PL8596
Boyd's Tavern (PL9131) - related - Boyd's Hotel (PL8585), Boyd's Grocery (PL8545)
Brooke's / Brook's Tavern (PL9132)
Brown's Tavern (PL9001- Ira B. Brown c. 1838 (P44226)
Carr's Tavern (PL8572)
Mrs. Clark's Tavern (PL9351- Mrs. Clark (P47230), c. 1835
Cocke's Tavern (PL8586)
Draffen's Tavern (PL9347- c. Dec 1826, "in the neighborhood of the University"; proprietor Thomas Draffen (P24768)
Douglas's Tavern (PL9370Oct. 1828 "in the neighborhood of the University"
Eagle's Tavern (PL9097) - c. 1846
Fitch's Tavern (PL8536) - longrunning tavern, mentioned 1829, 1835, etc. In Charlottesville
Gainer's Tavern (PL9352)
Garner's Confectionary (PL8566) - Mr. W. G. Garner (P44097), c. 1845 NEW
Garrett's Tavern - c. Oct. 1828
Goe's Tavern (CB0073) - c. 1838; M. Goe (P48001) NEW
Hamner's / Hammer's Tavern (PL8576) - Dr. Wyatt W. Hamner (P43771); opened 1838
Keller's Confectionary (PL8528) - John L. Keller (P44075); favourite with students in the 1830's
Kirsy's (PL9349) - in Charlottesville c. 1841; in vicinity of Toole's, Random Row Tavern
Magohee's / Magehee's Tavern  (PL9128) - mentioned in Charles Ellis's Diary circa 1835
McKennie's Store (PL8519) - Clement P. McKennie (P44094), book merchant and stationer
Mosby's Tavern and Confectionary (PL9348- c. Dec. 1826
Nowle's Tavern (PL9114- c. 1838
Paoli's Store (PL9095) - c. 1846; storeowner Mr. Paoli (P46952)
Tavern on Random Row (PL9350- in Charlottesvile c. 1841; in vicinity of Toole's, Kirsy's
Terrell's (PL8597) - c. 1840
Tool's / Toole's Confectionary (PL9000) - in Charlottesville c. 1841; in vicinity of Random Row Tavern, Kirsy's
Turpin's Tavern (PL8560) - c. 1845
Tyler's Tavern (PL8587) - c. 1838
Valentine, Fry, & Co. (CB0068) - c. 1838; merchant Mr. Valentine (P47234) 
Vowles's / Vowle's Tavern (PL8552) - John Vowles (P43886); popular in the mid-1830s
Col. Ward's Tavern (PL8541) - c. 1833, 1834; in Charlottesville
Watson's Tavern (PL8582) - Col. James Watson (P44020)
Weidemeyer's Confectionary (PL8975) - Weidemeyer (P47566)
Winns Tavern (PL9379- near Bremo, VA (PL5056) NEW
(Col.) Wood's Tavern (PL8680) - located in Charlottesville, c. 1830
Moose's Grocery (PL9142) - "consumed by fire" Nov. 27, 1853
G. F. Jones's Bookstore (PL9315) - G. F. Jones (P47809); c. 1857